What's a microfiber cloth?
What's different about a microfiber cloth?
An ordinary cleaning cloth has fibers made of cotton or a synthetic material such as nylon. But a microfiber cloth has far more fibers and they're much smaller. If "many hands make light work", so do many fingers—or many micro-fibers.
Why it cleans better? And how it works?
Microfibers are able to attach themselves to even the smallest, most microscopic dirt particles—ones that normal cloth fibers crudely brush past. If forces were visible, you'd be able to see that there are adhesive forces (the forces of attraction) between microfibers and dirt.
Compared to a microfiber cloth, a normal cloth has relatively few fibers so it cleans in a hit-and-miss way. Dirt gets missed and detergent and water often get left behind on the surface you're cleaning. If you use a microfiber cloth, there's no detergent involved. It rely on millions more fibers that can sweep dirt away. Working as a team, many fibers apply powerful enough forces to dislodge the dirt and carry it away, leaving the surface naturally dirt-free.
How are microfiber cloths made?
The ingredients are 50 percent polyester and 50 percent polyamide (another name for nylon). In other words, it’s a mixture of two plastics. The cloth is made by forcing the plastics through a tiny pipe and heating them so they weave together. These fused fibers are then split apart into microfibers 10–20 times smaller. Microfiber cloths can vary widely in the size of the fibers they use and therefore in their cleaning effectiveness. In average cloths, the fibers are 10–50 times thinner than a human hair. Since microfibers can't effectively remove anything smaller than they are, it would be accurate to describe average microfiber cloths as "antibacterial" or "antimicrobial". According to tests using microfiber materials to clean a surface leads to reducing the number of bacteria by 99%, whereas a conventional cleaning material reduces this number only by 33%.
What's the best way to use microfiber cloths?
Microfiber cloths are used to clean photographic lenses as they absorb oily matter without being abrasive or leaving a residue. Small microfiber cleaning cloths are commonly sold for cleaning computer screens and eyeglasses. Microfiber is widely used by car detailers to handle tasks such as removing wax from paintwork, quick detailing, cleaning interior, cleaning glass, and drying. Because of their fine fibers which leave no lint or dust, microfiber towels are used by car detailers and enthusiasts in a similar manner to a chamois leather.
After using Microfiber, it's best to boil this cloth in a saucepan and avoid washing it with normal detergents.